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Louisiana Creoles - Moun Kréyol la Lwizyàn

 

Ki c’est moun Kréyol ça-là?

Who are Louisiana Creoles?

Moun Kréyol la Lwizyàn, c’est yé pèsonn né endan la kolonie de Lwizyàn – lib ou esclav – ou c’est descendan moun ça-là né endan la Lwizyàn kan c’été ann kolonie (1699-1803) et ki té gain kiltir yé konm éritans.

 Louisiana Creoles are people born in the colony of Louisiana – free or slave – or descendants of those born in the colonial period (1699-1803) in Louisiana and who have inherited the unique culture.

Moun la Lwizyàn né des pèsonn vini de tou kwin di moun: z’Indjyen, Françé-Kanadyen et Françé d’Europ. Ensemb yé dékouvèr flèv des Misisipí. Frontyèr kolonie la Lwizyàn ça-yé, ça té de la Mobile ishkà la Nouvèl-Orléan. Yé grimpé flèv-ça pou arriver au-z’Illinwa, épi yé tourné vèr l’wèst dan yé au-delà des Roché. Françé-ça-là, yé té fé yé-mèm des tas Post Militair et tit kolonie ki té relié la kòt di Golf avèk Québec et Montréal.

The early confluence of peoples in colonial Louisiana emerged between the various native people, the French-Canadians and Franco-Europeans in their encounters along the Mississippi River and its vast tributaries. The ill-defined borders of the colony of Louisiana stretched from a wide range of water-front land extending from Mobile and New Orleans, up the Mississippi Valley and eastward into and beyond the Illinois Country, reaching westward beyond the Rockies. The French established numerous military posts and settlements linking the Gulf Coast with the French-Canadian population centers at Quebec and Montreal.

Moun Kréyol la Lwizyàn té le moun de la kolonie mèm. Des tas et tas de moun vini partou kontribuwé à la kiltir ki devyen la kiltir kréyol de Lwizyàn. Ça té di moun ki vini parske yé t’olé et dòt par fors. Épi ça évoluwé konm ça. C’est pas jist un mélanj, mais c’est un mélanj explosif di moun ki rivé icit et ki, ensemb, travayé pou donner naissans à la kiltir et tradisyon n’a endan la Lwizyàn ojordi. Ça ké tou kèkun gain en partaj, c’est le françé, kréyol et religyon catolik. Et wi, Akadyen ki grouiyé dan la Lwizyàn, yé ossi, yé c’est di moun Kréyol.

Louisiana Creoles were the indigenous colonial population for Louisiana. Myriad ethnic groups contributed to this culture over the centuries, including those who arrived by choice and those against their will. As with all cultures, this one evolved as a result. It is not one specific ethnic blend. The diverse ethnic groups who arrived in the colony of Louisiana each enhanced the makeup of the people, the culture and its various traditions. Common aspects include the French language, eventual Creole language and the Catholic religion.  And, yes, those Acadians who settled and extended their families during this time period are also Louisiana Creoles!

Diskriminasyon et lwa gouvènemen là, ça té fé divisé le moun. Épi yé grouiyé dan dòt plas pou chècher yé ann méyèr lavie pou yé-mèm et yé lafamiy. Bôkou yé resté endan icit, et yé continuwé tradisyon d’icit. Kèksun apé viv exactemen àoù yé z’ancèt tape viv. Et pou kèksun, ça té ann expériens ki té dur, et pou dòt kit é kitté ça derriyèr, ça té sèl chwa yé té gain pou kommenser di nouvô.

Due to societal discrimination and civil laws over the centuries, the classification has taken many variations, polarizing and fragmenting the people. Eventual migration to other areas of the country and the world ensued in search of a better opportunity for their families and future generations. Many stayed in Louisiana continuing the traditions of their ancestors. Some continue living the legacy precisely where their ancestors once lived. For some the experiences were difficult. For others, leaving behind the heritage was the only choice for a new beginning.

21ièm syèk òff l’opportunité pou konnèt l’istwar pou dèt fyèr la kiltir kréyol la Lwizyàn. Moun gain la possibilité pou prézerver kiltir et tradisyon unik – un aspé intégral la diversité amérikainn ojordi!

The 21st century affords the opportunity to illuminate the historical and cultural legacy of Louisiana Creoles to preserve and sustain its unique culture and traditions -- an integral facet of America's diversity today!

 

En Kréyol by Christophe Landry